Mankind is accelerating its exploration of space and the universe at an increasingly rapid pace. Manned habitations such as the International Space Station (ISS) have been in existence for over 20 years. We are on the cusp of starting to launch deep space exploration missions, but there are many challenges to overcome related to prolonged existence in space stations and transport vehicles to ensure our pioneers are able to live and operate in clean and safe environments. Facilities like the ISS harbour and nurture dangerous bacteria that are detrimental to humans, where already studies are starting to show that astronauts experience issues related to reduced immune systems, a syndrome called Immune System Dysregulation.
Recent research has demonstrated that commonly found bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus have higher antibiotic resistance in microgravity conditions. There is a critical need for preventive countermeasures to mitigate microbial risks during space flight missions where a simple cut can become deadly.
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